The evolution and history of video games

The first video game was invented less than seventy years ago and the first commercial arcade game was released in 1971. In less than fifty years video games have evolve in an astonishing way and have become almost a ‘must-have’ in our daily routine. Who has never played video games on its phone on their way to work? Everybody has a mobile phone nowadays and video games have learned to grow, evolve and adpt to many platforms. Free Online Games are the most popular way of video gaming today.

In 1952 the first computer game was invented by a British computer science Ph.D. The candidate at the University o Cambridge, A.S. Douglas, created a tic-tac-toe game called Noughts and Crosses and that has been considered the first documented computer game. Video games where even used during the Cold War when the U.S. military created a computer-based war simulation game between the Soviet Union and the U.S. But we had to wait until the sixties to see the first interactive video game: Tennis for Two invented by the American physicist William Higinbotham in 1958. And in 1962 the famous Spacewars game was created but was never comercialized because of the hardware’s price.

Ten years later the first home console landed at the market: Odyssey by Magnavox that featured 12 game. And in 1972 too the famous video game enterprise Atari starts its rising and develops the successful game Pong. It was also Atari who standardized the home console in 1977 with the Atari 2600 and their famous joystick, and it wasn’t until 1985 that Nintendo came into the American home console market with its NES. Before that some of the most epic video games made their appearance: Space Invaders in 1978, Pac-Man in 1980, Donkey Kong in 1981 and Tetris in 1984.

The portable gaming industry arrived in 1989 with Nintendo’s classic Game Boy and that was the beggining of a whole new area of video game consoles and games. Playstation, Nintendo, Sega… all of the met success in the decade of the nineties. And the new millenium has brought us a whole new perspective with free online games.